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The invitations to the CANEPAL Exhibitions will be announced in due time.

"Handicrafts from sheep and goat raw material & Traditional Food Technology based on sheep and goats"

photo exhibition AEGEAN

Chamber of Commerce, Mytilini, Lesvos

The Social and Cultural Digital Documentation Lab anounces that on the 18th of October 2013 the opening of the CANEPAL exhibition took place at the Chamber of Commerce, in Mytilini, Lesvos. The title of the exhibition is:"Handicrafts from sheep and goat raw material & Traditional Food Technology based on sheep and goats"

The General Secretary of the North Aegean Region, the Mayor of Lesvos and the Chairman of the Lesvos Chamber of Commerce addressed the opening ceremony.

The exhibition curator, Prof. Sotiris Chtouris, along with the scientific team, presented the aims and the content of the exhibition, namely:

The presentation of common cultural characteristics in the European pastoral heritage based on sheep and goats, as well as the creation of on-line documentation and research material . The exhibition of artistic cultural heritage of pastoral communitites from all over Europe, debate on sustainability issues in modern small- scale dairy farms. Development of Networking and exchange of best practices between scientists and professionals in the area of pastoral cultural heritage, using IT technology. Promotion of intercultural dialogue between the local population and the visitors of the island in the broader framework of the European Cultural Heritage. Sensitization and mobilization of public opinion, especially young people, on issues of rural ccultural heritage based on on – line educational games, creative activitis for schoolchildren and a virtual museum.

The CANEPAL Exhibition aims at an innovative and attractive presentation of traditional rural heritage, promoting a participatory approach to children and young people.

The 200 visitors of the exhibition opening showed vivid interest for the exhibits, namely:

Objects from the traditional pastoral world, such as the Loom, woolen blankets and carpets of high artistic value, as well as cheese making tools and pottery, from all the participating European countries. Photographs and representations of traditional pastoral activities. Video presentations of cheese making and other Artistic works, paintings, symbolic representations made especially for the Exhibition based on the creative dynamics of the exhibition organizing team. Live activities, such as weaving on the loom, basket weaving. Participation of the visitors in cheese-tasting (15 different local cheeses), as well as traditional bread and delicacies prepared by the Women's Cooperative of the village of Agiassos.

The Organizing Team, Sotiris Chtouris, Nikos Dionysopoulos, Eleni Liva, Flora Tzelepoglou, Katerina Apostolidou and Malama Rentari, talking to the local media, expressed their view that this exhibition intends to offer a considerable support and boost to local producers and their quality products, making them known and appreciated through an innovative cultural experience, in a European cultural heritage framework.

The Exhibition was acively supported by Local Cultural Associations, the Chamber of Commerce and the University of the Aegean.

Click here to see some photos of the event. 


"The Sheep. Celebrating Pastoral Life: Architecture and Art"



"Hellenic World" Cultural Centre


The Greek exhibition themed "The Sheep. Celebrating Pastoral Life: Architecture and Art" will open its doors on Tuesday, October 15th 2013, at the "Hellenic World" Cultural Centre. The exhibition will remain open untill the 1st of December and will be presenting, through artworks, photos, audiovisual material and architectural constructions, aspects of the European pastoral heritage that derive from mythology, symbolisms and contemporary architecture.

The visitors of the exhibition are invited to discover the function of materials, the functionality of places and the integration into the landscape of traditional pastoral constructions, the reuse of new materias for contemporary constructions (fences, sheepfolds, sheep pens and biotechnical units), as well as the invetiveness of the shepherds, through "intelligent solutions" on infrustructure and insulation issues for permanent as well as temporary constructions.

In a seperate section of the exhibition, dedicated exclusively to Art, several artworks which have drawn their inspiration from pastoral life and its symbolisms on the sheep and the shepherd through mythology, devotional life and folk oral tradition are displayed. These artworks, creations by famous Greek and other European artists, are organised into two big sections: Works that draw inspiration from symbolisms (the good shepherd, innocence, sacrifice, the black sheep) and works that draw inspiration (and also use) from sheep products like wool or fleece.

In addition, through the usage of QR codes, hidden messages and riddles that seek after a solution and also many other bigger or smaller surprises are waiting to be discovered by and interact with all visitors of the exhibition, through a specially designed for smartphones, interactive game.

Visiting Hours:

9:00 – 13:30 Monday-Thursday

9:00 – 20:00 Friday

11:00 – 16:00 Saturday

10:00 – 18:00 Sunday

Press the link below to download the Exhibition's Invitation and Program.

Click here to see some photos from the Opening. 



Exhibition Estonia

Eesti Rahva Muuseum

We are happy to inform you that the Estonian exhibition opened successfully on August 18th in the Estonian National Museum.

The opening ceremony was combined with "Family day", which was dedicated to cultural heritage. The opening was visited by hundreds of people and had a number of workshops and performances.

There was a huge interest in the exhibition by all age groups. University students came to visit the exhibition as part of their study process (landscape management course).

The exhibition will stay open until the end of October 2013.

Click here to see some photos of the event.


CANEPAL exhibition on Transhumances' routes  opened its doors in Sabres on the 14th of June. 


"Transhumances between the Pyrenees and the plains of Gascony"


Ecomuseum of Marquèze


The exhibition Shepherds' routes. Transhumance between the Pyrenees and plains of Gascony tells a story coming from the beginning of time but still very topical, the "race" for grass... Indeed, transhumance is based on the seasonal migration of livestock (cattle, sheep, horses or bees) to ensure their survival.

In our region, at the end of summer, the Béarn shepherds, had to leave the mountains due to snow, used to go down to the plains in search of pastures for the winter. They sometimes had to travel hundreds of miles on foot, by train, and in recent decades in cattle trucks. Traces of their passage can still be found in the Landes, the Gers, the Gironde and the Dordogne, and even further afield, stopping here for a while or settling there, in search of a better life.

Today, only a few carry out this great seasonal migration in the opposite direction, between plains and the Ossau, Aspe and Barétous valleys.

The exhibition will take you on a trip in space and time, going from the plains to the mountains, taking todays' livestock trucks to get there and coming back on foot or by train, in a more historical journey. The objective of transhumance remains basically the same: to find enough feed for the flock. And the job, despite profound technological changes, also remains the same: shepherding dairy ewes means also making cheese.

Clich here to see some photos


The CANEPAL program

The Federation of Agriculture Museums and Rural Heritage (AFMA) is responsible for the French section, in collaboration with the Regional Natural Park of the Landes of Gascogne, responsible for the scientific side. Throughout the duration of the CANEPAL programme, various media will illustrate this work: exhibitions, publications, DVDs (transhumance, oral traditions), virtual museums or educational programmes.

The inauguration of the Exhibition was attended by:

Vincent Nuchy-President of the regional Park of the Landes of Gascony

Pierre Del Porto-President of the French Association of Museums of Agriculture


"In Harmony with Nature: Pastoral Life in Europe"

exhibition image

Museum Kresów in Lubaczów, Poland

19th May – 15th October 2013

The exhibition entitled "In Harmony with Nature. Pastoral Life in Europe" was organised within the project CANEPAL. This is the second thematic exhibition within this project which presents cultural heritage of sheep farming in Europe.

The main organizer of this exhibition is the Museum Kresów in Lubaczów, one of the partners of the project CANEPAL.

Venue of the exhibition

The gallery "Oficyna" in castle and park complex of the Musuem Kresów in Lubaczów (area: 150 square metres).


19th May – 15th October 2013

Idea and the substantive content of the exhibition

The main purpose of the exhibition is to present peculiarity and wealth of pastoral culture as far as annual and everyday lifecycles are concerned. Chronologically speaking, the exhibition will refer to the glory days of pastoral culture (18th – 19th c.) and its contemporary condition in a changed economic and cultural situation. By showing various aspects of pastoral life, the exhibition will aim to pay attention to the significance of heritage of pastoral culture not only in particular European countries, but also in many European cultures in general.

The substantive content of the exhibition is based on scientific research regarding pastoral life conducted by researchers representing particular European countries participating in the project CANEPAL:

From Bulgaria - dr Svetla Rakshieva, Simeon Milyov, Vanya Yordanova and Iglika Mishkova (IEFEM, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences)
From Estonia - Pille Tomson and Kadri Kask (Estonian University of Life Sciences);
From France - Magali Duffau (Ecole du Louvre, Paris; Ecomuseum of Marqueze, Sabres, Landes);
From Greece - Ifigenia Anastasiadi (Panteion University, Athens);
From Hungary - dr Lajos Kemecsi (Hungarian Open Air Museum)
From Poland - dr Małgorzata Maj (Institute of Ethnology and Cultural Anthropology, Jagiellonian University in Cracow);
From Great Britain - Gemma Bell and Simon Bell (Estonian University of Life Sciences);

Scenario of the exhibition

The exhibition shows six thematic aspects of pastoral life in particular countries that participate in the CANEPAL project:

1. Inaccessible world. The first part of the exhibition is dedicated to natural environment which determined development of sheep farming in particular countries. Areas with difficult geographical conditions which were not used for cultivation, were usually assigned for sheep farming. In this part of the exhibition pristine natural environment is presented which in the second part of the exhibition turns into the one that is "touched by human hands".

2. Taming nature. The second part of the exhibition presents nature which was taken into man's possession who by taking sheep into usually inaccessible areas very often had to come face to face with powers of nature and overcome various "evil powers". The beginning of grazing was connected with the beginning of the annual cycle of a shepherd's life which started in spring. In order to guarantee success of grazing, purifying and magical procedures were performed. The return from sheep grazing to villages in autumn gave nature back its "freedom" and allowed shepherds to rest during winter. This part of the exhibition is divided into "Between St. George and St. Michael" and "Into sacrum".

3. Pastoral everyday life. This part of the exhibition presents everyday life of shepherds during summer sheep grazing. The main purpose of this part of the exhibition is to present living conditions of shepherds in huts. Different kinds of huts were presented who were either used as a temporary or a permanent residence. Huts were mostly built from materials which were easily accessible in particular region. The living conditions were usually difficult. Fire was one of the most important elements of pastoral life. It played the protective role which intended to frighten away both evil powers and wild animals. Fire gave possibility to prepare food and was essential for cheese production. It gave warmth to shepherds in severe climatic conditions. Sheep milk and sheep cheese were the main products that were eaten by shepherds during sheep grazing. Thus, this part of the exhibition is divided into three sections: "Shelter", "Holy Fire", and "Food".

4. For warmth and protection. The important part of this exhibition is the presentation of pastoral everyday clothes. Types of pastoral clothes were closely connected with the climate shepherds usually lived in. It also depended on available materials. Mostly these were simple clothes made from leather and sheep wool which protected shepherds against winter and winds. Clothes also symbolized particular group affiliation in a pastoral hierarchy and man's wealth. Typical elements of pastoral clothes were also pastoral canes and bag which were presented during the exhibition.

5. Pastoral activities. Every day of a shepherd was full of many responsibilities that resulted from sheep farming: sheep grazing, animals' watering and feeding, milking, herd's protection. It was regulated by the changeability of a day and night and transitional periods. Certain farming activities were performed at particular times of a day (morning, afternoon, and evening milking). In this part of the exhibition the basic farming activities will be shown which are connected with sheep milk processing and sheep shearing. This part of the exhibition also emphasizes the important role of animals which help shepherds during grazing and protect sheep against predators. This part of the exhibition also portrays forms of communication between shepherds.

6. Pastoral festivity. The last part of the exhibition presents moments when the harsh and difficult pastoral life became colourful during festive days. Therefore, this part of the exhibition shows festive clothes, made from sheep materials that have strong, cheerful colours. In free time, shepherds played on various kinds of instruments such as reed pipes, flutes, danced and sang. Specific forms of pastoral singing and musical culture have been shaped in pastoral culture of particular countries which were portrayed by photos and videos.

There is a specially designed multimedia area in the first part of the exhibition where children and the youth can enjoy and participate in all educational activities that were prepared for them. The educational programme is designed for children and young people of different ages. The game "Where is the little lamb" is dedicated for the youngest children.

Exhibition methods

Various aspects of pastoral life are presented by cultural objects, photos, and videos. These exhibits were borrowed from museums and institutions in Poland and countries participating in the project.

The National Museum of History in Sofia – 15 objects, photos, and videos;
The Estonian University of Life Sciences in Tartu – 7 objects, photos, and videos;
The Ecomuseum of Marqueze (Landes) – 5 objects, photos;
The University of the Aegean Mytilini-Lesvos – 5 objects, photos;
The Tatra Museum in Zakopane – 84 objects, photos;
The Seweryn Udziela Ethnographic Museum in Cracow – 9 objects;
The Museum Kresów in Lubaczów – 12 objects;
The Sanctuary of Our Lady of Ludzimierz in Ludzimierz – 1 objects, photos;
The Tatra National Park – photos;
Information Service of the Podhale "Watra" – photo and videos:
TV Podhale – Internet Television from the region of Podhale, Spisz, and Orawa- videos
The Hungarian Open Air Museum in Szentendre – 10 objects, photos, videos.

There were around 140 objects, 72 photos and 12 videos used to prepare this exhibition. Photos were presented on separate charts and a projector whereas videos were displayed on four monitors. In order to present various types of pastoral clothes (everyday and festive clothes) the museum used five mannequins. The museum also used charts with text on them to describe and explain certain parts of the exhibition (27 charts).
Moreover, in the educational multimedia part of the exhibition there were used laptops, books and artistic materials. Last but not least, the exhibition itself was accompanied by the catalogue of the exhibition (143 pages).

The opening of the exhibition

The opening of the exhibition was held on the 19th of May 2013. There were present many representatives of the local authorities: Wiesław Bek, the spokesman of the Marshal of Podkarpackie Voivoidship, Krzysztof Szpyt, the vice-starost of Lubaczów district, and Maria Magoń, the mayor of Lubaczów. The co-ordinator of the project CANEPAL dr Zsolt Sári was also present during the opening of the exhibition (The Hungarian Open Air Museum in Szentedre). During numerous speeches everyone emphasized the meaning of sheep farming regarding culture and economy of particular countries. It was also emphasized what meaning the project CANEPAL has on the popularization of rich pastoral culture and promotion of sheep farming in contemporary societies.

Dr Stanisława Trebunia Staszel from the Institute of Ethnology and Cultural Anthropology of the Jagiellonian University in Cracow guided all the participants round the exhibition. This known researcher and animator of pastoral culture in Poland presented the most important stages of pastoral life. She spoke using a distinctive highlander dialect. She was accompanied by a singing and dancing group "Młode Podhale" from the Podhale Higher School of Vocational Education in Nowy Targ managed by Paulina Peciak and Daneil Szewczyk. They also gave a special concert where they presented folk dances and pastoral singing of Polish shepherds from the Podhale.

Moreover, there was also a photographic exhibition organised in the main building of the Museum Kresów in Lubaczów. The exhibition was entitled "Sheep farming of the Podhale in old photos" and was prepared from the collection of the Dr Tytus Chołubiński Tatra Museum in Zakopane. The exhibition curator is Anna Kozak from the Tatra Museum who after the opening of the exhibition, gave a very interesting lecture on "Cultural grazing in the Tatra National Park" which referred to the current status of sheep farming in the Podhale.

In the evening Piotr Cudzich from Nowy Targ presented the process of sheep cheese production. The audience gathered around the pastoral bonfire "watra" could familiarize themselves with the stages of cheese production in the Podhale. The show was very popular among its participants. It gathered many children and young people.

During the first day in the opening of the exhibition and corresponding events took part around 500 people.



"The inexhaustible wealth"

Invitation BG

8 March - 8 September 2013

Regional Museum of History,

Smolyan BG

The "Inexhaustible Wealth - the Oral tradition and shepherds music in Europe" is the first thematic exhibition in CANEPAL project which was opened on March 8th 2013. The Bulgarian partner, the National Museum of History, had the responsibility to organise this exhibition, presenting the elaboration of the theme as documented in the research carried out on theme 7. by the project partnership: Bulgaria, Estonia, France, Greece, Hungary, Poland.

The exhibition venue
The Regional Museum of History in Smolyan, the temporary exhibitions hall of 250 m2

8 March – 8 September 2013

The message
The exhibition is an invitation to learn more about the pastoral songs and tunes, tales and legends. To submerge into a wonderful but also hard world and have fun from the heart! The poetic suggestions of this world reaffirm the understanding that herding is in the basis of the European civilization. And that the system of values stored in the intangible cultural heritage is common for the shepherds in the European countries, united in caring for the flocks, in overcoming the difficulties and enjoying free life in the mountains.

The content
In the exhibition hall are installed an information sector with interactive area and six main sections/topics: 1. Ancient myths and Gospel legends; 2. The poetic image of the shepherd in folk songs; 3. Shepherd music; 4. Symbols of the holiday and everyday life; 5. Patron saints of the shepherds in Europe; 6. Tales and proverbs about sheep and shepherds. The last topic is presented in two interactive spaces: the first one bridging the songs and music sections and the second one at the end of the exhibition tour as a transition to the children ateliers area.

The media
The exhibition consists of objects lend from the collections of the co-organisers and the associate partners, namely:
National Museum of History – 33 objects
Institute of Ethnology and Folklore Studies with Ethnographic Museum – Bulgarian Academy of Sciences – 20 objects
Regional Museum of History Smolyan – 33 objects
National Academy of Art – 52 objects
Museum Kresow in Lubazcow, Poland – 6 objects
Hungarian Open Air Museum in Szentendre – 5 objects
Estonian National Museum in Tartu – 3 objects
Privately owned – 3 objects
Total 155 objects

The collection of artifacts is complemented by audio-visual material: interpretative panels, photographs and videos communicating further ideas and explaining the exhibition theme and message. The exhibition successfully implements the idea that the use of multimedia and e-exhibits gives practically unlimited possibilities to enrich the thematic content. Base selection set in computers shows lots of music, recorded legends, electronic riddles and a film–animation of the story of the lying shepherd: the Aesopian fable known mainly as part of the oral tradition in Europe from the Antiquity to the present days.

A big screen projection of the documentary about the festivities on the occasion of St. George's Day, a film of the early 1980-s by prof. Georg Kraev is to be seen at the end of the exhibition tour.

The exhibition opening
The first big event in the exhibition was the opening ceremony. It was visited by more than 150 persons. They enjoyed the musical performances of the folk groups from the village of Momchilovci, Smolyan region in the Mid Rhodopes, and the unique group "Our Song," of the descendants of the traveling shepherds Armani from the town of Velingrad in the West Rhodopes, as well as un old Swedish pastoral flute melody played by Anna Westman.

Dr. Zsolt Shari, CANEPAL project manager, Dr. Leonora Boneva, national project manager, Ms. Tanya Mareva, director of the Regional Museum of History–Smolyan, and Mrs. Petya Pamporova, a chief secretary of Smolyan region shared in their speeches the satisfaction of this important cultural event for the city and for the country, as well as for the whole CANEPAL partnership.



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With the support of the Culture Programme of the European Union
With the support of the Culture Programme of the European Union

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